A unique province on the east coast of Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador’s area consists of islands and a small population of just over 500, 000 people who primarily take up residence on the Avalon Peninsula. The capital city, St. Johns is located on the north side of the province.
Covering a vast area of 405,212 km², this province enjoys a rather varied climate from Sub-Arctic in the south, to the Arctic Tundra in the north of Labrador. Newfoundland’s climate is Maritime Continental, and much milder. The terrain is somewhat mountainous with Newfoundland’s Long Range Mountains forming the north end of the Appalachian Mountain Range.
The province is Canada’s most unified area, linguistically, with over 97% speaking English as their main language.
Cost of living in Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador offer an excellent and affordable quality of life. The cost of living in this province is much lower when compared to many of the larger centers in Canada, such as Toronto or Vancouver.
Though the province has a low average income for families in Newfoundland with a mandatory minimum wage of $11.00/hr, housing and heating costs, as well as the cost of living generally, are among the lowest in Canada.
The main driving force for Newfoundland and Labrador’s economy remains its excellent fisheries. Mining, especially of iron ore, produces around 50% of Canada’s iron supplies with offshore oil rigs fueling 20% of the province’s GDP.
Newfoundland and Labrador provide immigrants with many opportunities in the fields of fishery and resources. Considering the richness of the land in the aforementioned resources, there is a constant need for skilled workers.
Residents are fondly known as "Newfoundlanders" and "Labradorians", with an incredibly diverse population of British Isles (English, Irish, and Scottish), South Asian, Chinese, and aboriginal people. The predominant religion is Protestant at 59.7% and Catholics at 36.3%. English is predominately spoken in the province by almost half a million people, while French trails behind at around 2000 speakers.
As the capital city of Newfoundland and Labrador, St John's is home to over 150 000 people, with the provincial government being the largest employer in the province.